The average price of a gallon of regular gasoline in the U.S. this year never reached the highs seen in 2008, when the all-time record of $4.114 was reached. The 2012 average never even climbed as high as it was last year, when it hit $3.965, according to the Energy Department.
But fuel prices have been so consistently high in 2012 that American motorists are on pace to spend more on gasoline this year — $483 billion, or $1.32 billion a day — than they ever have before, according to the Oil Price Information Service (OPIS) in New Jersey, the Los Angeles Times reported.
That would break the old record for the amount of money spent by Americans on gasoline, set last year, by about $12 billion. That’s in spite of the fact that the U.S. average topped out this year at $3.941 a gallon back in April.
Analysts say the most remarkable thing is that high gasoline prices didn’t have the chilling effect on consumer spending that they did four years ago.
“Americans seem to have accepted the news on high fuel prices with aplomb,” said Tom Kloza, chief oil analyst for OPIS.
Gasoline prices this year were driven, in part, by high oil prices. They were also affected by consistently high exports of U.S.-produced diesel and gasoline to customers overseas.
A third factor involved periodic regional spikes that helped keep the national average high.
Three Spikes in 2012
The first of those spikes occurred in the Midwest, where petroleum pipeline ruptures and refinery outages kicked prices sharply higher.
The second occurred in October in California, where prices hit a new state record of $4.671 a gallon, sparking several calls for federal and state investigations of refinery practices.
More recently, damage from Hurricane Sandy along the Eastern Seaboard shut down several refineries and led to temporary fuel rationing in New York and New Jersey.
These impacts canceled out the fact that U.S. demand for motor fuel, running at around 8.7 million barrels a day so far this year, is at its lowest level since 2001, Kloza said.
The U.S. Energy Department said earlier this year that the average price for a gallon of regular gasoline was running at about $3.64 in 2012, up from last year’s record average of $3.53.
There is some good news. Fuel prices are expected to average about $3.44 a gallon in 2013, the Energy Department projects.