Despite the nation’s challenging economic environment, business for most of Kampground of America Inc.’s 460-plus parks is relatively good right now. In fact, it’s real good in some cases. That much was evident at KOA’s Annual International Convention at which some 500 people – representing 220 parks – gathered Nov. 7-10 at the Westin Savannah Harbor Golf Resort & Spa in Savannah, Ga.
How so many entrepreneurial franchisees like Steve Jewell, of Spartanburg NE/Gaffney, S.C. KOA, managed to so gracefully avoid the more dire effects of the Great Recession is hard to figure.
So far, however, that appears to be the case.
“Our business has been strong this year and last year right through the rather low period that other people experienced,” said Jewell, a convention attendee who does “huge” repeat business. “We’ve experienced continual growth over 29 of the last 30 months with increases over 10% — and as much as 18% to 19% — from the previous year.”
By the same token, Al Johnson’s 10 KOAs are all posting revenue gains. “We had a banner year for our company, which was chasing a really good year last year,” says Johnson, whose South Dakota-based Recreational Adventures Co. has benefited from both good weather and economy-seeking campers.
Neither Jewell nor Johnson was doing paid testimonials for KOA, but they well could have because their remarks are consistent with the company’s own impressive report: KOA’s core business saw strong growth during the company’s summer camping season, with same store revenue up 6% and camper nights up 4.5% over 2009, according to an “annual report” distributed by the company at its upbeat convention.
KOA President Pat Hittmeier says the company experienced year-over-year gains in each of the first 10 months of 2010, while destination locations near major attractions and “along-the-way parks” that feed those major markets did particularly well.
KOA’s total revenues are up about 8 1/2 percent in this, the second consecutive year of strong gains compared to the “poor” results posted in the recessionary summer of 2008. “We are still just a fraction below where we were in 2007,” Hittmeier told RVBusiness. “So we are very close to that benchmark, which was an excellent year.”
In fact, Hittmeier says KOA had surpassed 2009’s total year-end camper nights by early November.
“As consumer confidence and the jobs market come back, we are looking for a record-breaking year in 2011 for the summer,” adds Hittmeier. “The part that is a little disconcerting is the winter business, that which takes place between Nov. 1 and April 30. It has been down multiple years in a row. There are two parts of that — the short-term traveler and the extended stay snowbird.
“The snowbird business has stayed pretty stable — down a little bit, up a little bit,” he continued. “But the traveling market in the wintertime period has taken a big hit. That group has gone down repeatedly since the 2006-07 winter. Last year, we thought it would stabilize. It didn’t. It’s about 25% of what it was in 2007. We are hoping this year that it will turn around and that that particular retiree market will come back.”
KOA, in turn, expects to finish 2010 with a total count of about 470 parks, 26 of them company owned, the rest operated by independent franchisees. Hittmeier says KOA usually adds through conversions of new parks as many as 20 to 25 parks a year and loses through attrition anywhere between five and 15 parks in a average year.
Cultivating a Lucrative New “Lodging” Business
Looking ahead, the so-called “lodging” market remains a big target of KOA’s as the company continues to spearhead a trend toward rustic looking, wood-clad cottages built by three preferred providers: Cavco Park Homes & Cabins, Goodyear, Ariz.; Thor’s Breckenridge division, Nappanee, Ind.; and General Coach of Hensall, Ontario, Canada, all three of which had units on hand at the Georgia convention.
In fact, Hittmeier says there’s now a total of about 5,000 “roofed accommodations” in the KOA system – the goal being to add another 1,700 by 2015.
“We added about 400 roofed accommodations last year — most of those being park model types with full-service kitchens and bathrooms,” said Hittmeier. “Our lodge nights were up 35% in October, so we are starting to see some shoulder season business from these lodges, which is something we didn’t experience from our camping cabins (small dwellings lacking kitchen and bathroom facilities).”
These fully equipped recreational park trailers are called “Kamping Lodges.”
The next phase in KOA’s ongoing push into the lodging arena – a rather bold step that represents a definite departure – is a move toward the traditional hotel/motel field. As a matter of fact, the company-owned properties department has developed an operational manual specifically for lodging. “We are going to go more deeply into the linen market and hit the hotel/motel market head on,” says Hittmeier. “It’s a big jump because there’s a lot of work behind it relative to commercial laundries and taking on some systems.
“Anytime we have more than 10 lodges on a property, we are going to go to that model.”
The biggest challenge related to all that, he agrees, is to get the word out to the North American public that all of these lodges exist and that a young traveling family – or a family visiting an area for a soccer tournament — can opt to stay in a pretty little pine-sided cottage at the KOA instead of the Marriott Courtyard.
“The people who are staying in our lodges rate the experiences at the highest level,” said Hittmeier, now in his second year as KOA’s president. “They rate us higher than people who stay in RV sites, and of course, they pay the most amount of money. We know we’ve got a good product. The people who stay in them are first-time visitors to KOA as well, so they are not RVers. It is a new market, a primarily family market.
“When we get critical mass of enough units out there, I think we’ll start to see an even stronger draw and awareness,” said Hittmeier, adding that about 200 KOAs currently operate lodging accommodations.
“The hotel industry is coming toward us,” adds KOA CEO Jim Rogers. “They’re not changing your sheets anymore. They’re trying to put in a breakfast in the morning, trying to get you to socialize, but you still worry about going next door, knocking on the door and getting shot. That’s not what’s going to happen in this (campground) environment. These little buildings give you a sense of ownership — it’s a cottage, it’s a chalet, it’s a cabin, it’s yours, it’s reasonably priced. And you get something that you won’t get from a hotel.
“Now you’re (the park operator) in hospitality. We are moving toward them and they’re moving towards us. But we win because we’ve got 22 acres to go play on.
The problem is that nobody knows we’ve got them. We put it in our directory last year, but that was talking to our own campers. The people who are noticing our lodges are paying the most and have the highest satisfaction, return and value.
“And they are demographically diverse. We are seeing the African-American, Asians and Latinos use these products and loving them. That takes you beyond even the hotel component. It reaches you into a whole new strata of incremental business.”
Unprecedented Focus on The Company’s KOA.com
Another significant focal point for KOA right now is its revamped www.koacom website. This is no ordinary website, not for the $900,000 that the company recently invested in it — in addition to the $1 million KOA typically injects into its web operations on an annual basis.
One of the revamped website’s new features is geo-coding, which allows the site to know where an online user is located, and display campgrounds and special offers in that area.
“The old version of koa.com was already the most visited camping website in the world, with more than 1.1 million visitors each month,” said Lorne Armer, vice president of marketing for KOA. “But it was time for an upgrade, and the new koa.com offers our guests an enhanced online experience as they plan their camping trips, discover what there is to do near our campgrounds and make their reservations.”
The new site allows park operators to manage their own content and also features Google Mapping, a familiar online technology that allows users to quickly navigate state and provincial maps, zeroing in on just the right locations.
“The new KOA.com, which was produced by our partners at Genex in Los Angeles, will allow campers to spend time discovering some of the wonderful locations we have at KOA, so they do all of their trip research efficiently in one easy-to-navigate location,” said Armer. “They will have real-time access to more than 60,000 of North America’s best recreational vehicle sites, tent sites and accommodations such as our new Kamping Lodges.”
Hittmeier says KOA had planned to launch the revamped website in May, realizing its growth potential, especially among first timers. But building 10,000 pages and integrating the company’s Kampsite reservations operating system was quite a test.
“It was a little more complicated than we thought,” explained Hittmeier. “Instead of a nine-month period, it turned into more like a year-and-a -half launch period. And once we got into the middle of summer, we thought there was no way we could launch this when we are doing about $40 million in reservations through koa.com. Our campground owners would kill us if we launched a brand new website in the middle of their season. So, we waited until just a couple of weeks ago to launch it.”
Keynote Speaker Preaches The Power of Instant Feedback
Keynote speaker Fred Reichheld, a customer service guru who authored the groundbreaking book “The Ultimate Question – Driving Good Profits and True Growth,” told the assembled attendees that he had studied several companies that had experienced exceptional growth like Chick-Fil-A, Southwest Airlines and Enterprise Rent-a-Car.
What he found was a singular dedication to treating customers well and an ability to quickly measure their success and “make good things happen with what they learned.”
And that’s the kind of responsive approach KOA is trying to emulate.
Reichheld’s measurement tool, the Net Promoter Score, simply asks customers to rate their stay immediately after departure, and guests are asked if they’d likely recommend the business to a friend. The low scores, or “detractors” are subtracted from the top scores, or “promoters” to arrive at a “net promoter score.”
Reichheld’s new scoring system, providing KOA owners with immediate customer feedback on a daily basis — allowing them to quickly check progress and correct service problems as they occur — was adopted by the KOA system this summer as a means of helping operators improve service to campers.
He said sharing immediate customer feedback with employees is a great way to insure everyone – the owner, customer and employee – can win.
As part of its new “Rate Your Stay” feedback loop, KOA guests get an automatic e-mail from KOA thanking them for their business and asking them to rate their experience and add verbatim responses if they so choose. Consequently, KOA owners received over 120,000 immediate, catalogued responses from guests so far, allowing them to take quick action on operational issues.
“This response in addition to the verbatim feedback, comes back to our KOA owners immediately,” says Hittmeier. “Each morning they can open up their responses and we provide an organized list of where their score are at, verbatim, ranking them by site types, and so forth. So, they can manage their business on a daily basis. They use this to reinforce good service practices with their staff. It’s a real good tool that will help us move those service scores up.”
“We’ve continued to refine and focus our quality process where now, we wake up in the morning and see what our customers said about us yesterday and we respond to it,” Rogers explained. “We are able to make a phone call if they are disappointed. We are dealing with one guest at a time to make sure their stay at KOA was satisfactory to them.
Rogers Addresses Financially Strapped Public Park Sector
In what amounts to a real turnaround for the RV park and campground arena, Rogers is appealing to the private park sector to take heed of the sorry current state of public parks faced with critical budget cuts.
“The public sector is in a world of hurt,” he maintained. “I don’t care if you are at the federal or state level. They represent 8,000 campgrounds. We have 8,000 commercial campgrounds. They have 8,000 very distinguished specific locations that Americans enjoy, as do our visitors. So, you have to begin to ask the question: Are there any things that we’re doing on the commercial side that can be of assistance to the private side. That’s where the doorbell is being rung.”
Although KOA isn’t interested in any concessionaire relationships, he adds, they’d like to figure how KOA franchisees near public facilities can be of assistance or can “create an opportunity to take park rangers and teach them the free enterprise system.
“They are at a clear dead end,” said Rogers. “What we are hearing from the Forest Service is that they can’t find anybody (entry-level personnel) in the channel. They are retiring all these people and there’s nobody to replace them.”
So maybe, he argues, the private sector can help.
“We’re here in the state of Georgia,” added Rogers. “Their park budget was cut 30% and they lost a referendum in California for an $18 million license fee that would have collected $500 million. They are threatening to close 126 parks. If this feeder system gets sicker and then closes, the commercial campground business is in trouble.
“So much of what you get is that entry point (for first-time campers) in the state parks. You’re going to lose that beginning point. If you take all the KOA campers and aggregate their camper nights, 20% of those are spent in public facilities. They’re on their way to a location. They stay with us on the way, but they are going to Yellowstone. If a state park is closed or doesn’t provide the service they want, we’re going to lose the traffic in between.”
While the private park sector is opposed to using public funds to build new parks to compete with them, Rogers observed, everyone needs to be careful not to forfeit in the current budget crises tens of thousands of camper nights. “We need to be more robust by putting our heads together to see if there’s a new paradigm that we can operate under,” he noted. “If we do, I think we’re going to find those state and national parks are going to upgrade their services and increase their rates and better service the camping public. We’ll all benefit from that.”
KOA Honors Franchisees At Savannah Convention
KOA honored a number of franchisees with awards. The top honorees were Michael and Kristi Kuper, owners of the KOA in Thunder Bay, Ontario, recipients of the Franchisee of the Year Award for 2011.
The Kupers, who first met as teenagers and worked together on the campground with Kristi’s parents, won the award during the convention’s first day.
The Kupers purchased Thunder Bay KOA in 1998 from Kristi’s parents, and have worked tirelessly for the past 12 years to added new features and improvements for their camping guests. Their efforts have led to a KOA President’s Awards every year, as well as three KOA Founder’s Awards.
The award was presented by Hittmeier and Rogers as well as last year’s winners, Sam and Renee Scialdo Shevat from the Herkimer Diamond, N.Y., KOA.
Along with a large bronze statue by Billings artist Mike Capser titled “Always Welcome,” the Kupers will be the one-year guardians of the “Dave’s Hammer” traveling trophy. The trophy includes a well-used hammer once owned by Kampgrounds of America founder Dave Drum, who founded KOA in 1962.
Other award recipients were:
- David and Helena Johnson were honored as KOA Rising Stars for 2011. The Johnsons are the owners of the Willits, Calif., KOA. The award goes to a KOA franchisee who has been part of the KOA system for five years or less who demonstrates extraordinary dedication to guest service and support for the KOA system.
- Rob Althoff and Marianne Bartels won the KOA Work Kampers of the Year for 2010. The couple was nominated for the award by Kathy and Stuart Marshall, the owners of the Montpelier Creek, Idaho, KOA.
This week’s ARVC Business Forum, held on the campus of Keystone RV Co. in Goshen, Ind., featured a typically lively give-and-take among the leadership of the National Association of RV Parks and Campgrounds and some of the nation’s key campground vendors.
Forum members met in conjunction with the Recreation Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) Committee Week and Annual Meeting functions held not far away in downtown South Bend. The week’s agenda also included an industry party in recognition of what RVIA has designated in 2010 as the RV industry’s centennial.
The ARVC Business Forum brings together members of the ARVC Executive Committee and key players in the RV parks and campground business to discuss topical issues.
Shane Ott, director of campground relations for Thor Industries Inc., Keystone’s parent company, who helped orchestrate the meeting at Keystone, said the forum meeting at an RV company, a first for the forum, will help narrow “the huge gap” between the campground and RV industries. “There is no reason we shouldn’t do this more often,” he said.
A few forum highlights:
Mark Anderson, former ARVC chairman and owner of Camp Chautauqua Camping Resort, Chautauqua, N.Y., reported that his park and many others in the East “had almost a perfect Memorial Day weekend,” providing “a great start” to the season. The summer’s outlook for the Northeast is good as travel is up, he added. He noted that while the state of New York is “broke,” the governor found funds to reopen the state parks, which Anderson considers “an important baseline to private campgrounds.”
Vic Nolting, vice chairman of Leisure Systems Inc., franchisor of the Yogi Bear’s Jellystone Park Camp-Resorts, Milford, Ohio, began by summarizing, “In general, things look oh so much better than last year.” He then deferred to LSI’s COO, Rob Schutter Jr., who went into greater detail. Schutter echoed Anderson’s holiday observation. He said business in the Northeast is “leveling out” after “a disaster last year,” due to weather.
Schutter, noting that Yogi operators are seeing an upturn in campers’ ancillary spending after a 2%-3% downturn in such spending last year, reported that the rental market at Jellystone Parks is “through the roof,” thanks in part to its non-dependence on good weather and the growing number of visits of campers new to the Jellystone system.
LSI’s rental business was up 8% in 2009 and he expects another rise this year. The rental business, which puts campers into lodges and cabins, is bringing a lot of non-traditional or first-time campers, added Nolting. They explained that many Jellystone Parks maintain good working relationships with area chambers of commerce and hotels, which also spurs business. Cabin rental rates were $145 a night in 2009 and have been raised by $10 a night for the 2010 season, said Schutter, adding that LSI opened its first company-owned park this year in Bloomington, Ind.
Cindy Halley, publisher of the Trailer Life RV Parks and Campgrounds Directory and vice president of Good Sam Club marketing, Ventura, Calif., reported that TL’s rep teams are well underway in their collection of data and advertising sales for the 2011 directory. Team members “are very upbeat and expect a better year overall,” she said. On the club side, membership growth is exceeding forecasts and currently totals about 950,000. Good Sam Club members average 62 years of age and are typically retired, empty nesters. However, she added, the club is always trying to recruit younger members.
Eric Stumberg, president and co-founder of Wi-Fi provider TengoInternet, Austin, Texas, reported that TengoInternet’s acquisition of Nomad ISP is complete with Nomad’s clients integrated into Tengo’s in May, bringing its market penetration to some 800 parks and between 67,000 and 100,000 guests a month, depending upon the season.
Wi-Fi remains a key criteria in RVers’ decision on where to camp, he noted. He sees mobile point of sale terminals, such as an ice cream cart that accepts credit card swipes, becoming the next popular phase in parks and campgrounds. He is targeting 25% growth for 2010.
David L. Berg, ARVC chairman and owner of the Red Apple Campground in Kennebunkport, Maine, said business appears to be “back to where we used to be.” He had sold out his 140 sites for the July 4 holiday by Memorial Day and his tent and popup trailer sites sold out first for the first time ever.
Berg, at the same time, said he remains “boggled” by the growth and popularity of the cabin business. He charges $120 a night for a cabin, even though “the motel down the street charges $29.” He can explain the willingness to pay more because customers “want it all today, the safety, the experience…” He also is getting into the RV rental market, charging about $1,000 a week to rent a unit on-site.
Al Johnson, president of Recreational Adventures Co., an 11-park chain based in Hill City, S.D., reported “an exceptional Memorial Day” and stated that nine of his 11 KOA-affilitated properties are ahead of plan so far this year. He has begun to replace aged cabins with new park models. He is putting on hold an overhaul of RV sites until he can better determine size requirements for the next RV generation. He, too, saw more guests with tents and folding camping trailers last year, but said it’s too early to tell whether that trend will continue this year.
David Gorin, who wore multiple hats to the forum as a campground consultant, ARVC lobbyist, park owner and state association director, reported that his Holiday Cove RV Resort in Bradenton, Fla., experienced a 25% increase in business last year, with his rental business up 20%-25% annually.
Gorin says he sold approximately half of the lots for sale in his park in the last 19 months. As director of the Virginia Campground Association, he said that state’s parks are looking for a good year, but that they’re concerned about whether the Gulf oil spill will make its way eventually up the East Coast. Meanwhile, Gorin says his Best Parks in America network has grown from 22 to 63 parks in the past year, has recently finished a long-term strategy session and will be publishing its first print directory. Finally, Gorin announced that he will be building a new 250-site RV park in Palmetto, Fla.
Ann Emerson, ARVC Business Forum chairwoman and vice president of Woodall Publications, publisher of the Woodall’s North American Campground Directory, Ventura, Calif., said sales consultants are reporting overall that most parks are doing well. In general, parks near metro areas are still faring better than those in remote areas. And there’s a serious concern among tourism-related business operators — parks among them — in many Southern and Southeastern locales regarding the long-term impact of the Gulf oil spill, prompting some owners to defer decisions on marketing expenses.
Emerson began a discussion on the explosion of social media in the campground business. At her parent company, Affinity Group Inc. (AGI), parent company of RV Business and Woodall’s Campground Management, almost all the websites have a Facebook page and each publication has at least one staff member assigned to increase its social media presence and AGI is developing a SmartPhone “app” for both of its campground directories. This discussion elicited comments on mobile marketing, which fueled a wider discussion on the explosion of mobile phone use in society. Some 90% of all U.S. homes have cell phones, and a significant percentage of Woodall customers have SmartPhones, she said. Stumberg noted that one study showed that almost as many people today access the Internet via their SmartPhones as from personal computers.
Bruce Hoster, president of Coast to Coast Resorts, the membership camping wing of AGI, said, “We think membership camping is due for a renaissance.” He cited a number of ways Coast to Coast is attracting new parks and members to the concept. As an aside, he observed that membership campgrounds are finding new revenue streams by developing storage facilities for their members’ RVs while they are not camping. For example, one membership park developed a 7-acre storage facility and realizes an estimated $1 million in revenue in annual storage fees. He reported that Camp Club USA, AGI’s discount camping club, “has come back strong after seeing a slight dip during the recession” with high renewal rates and is up to nearly 50,000 members. Coast to Coast, which has taken membership camping under its wing, sponsored a membership camping conference in February in Las Vegas and will sponsor another in February in New Orleans. He is working to make inroads with developers of hotel and condo complexes to consider integrating campgrounds into their projects, he said.
Pat Hittmeier, president of Kampgrounds of America Inc. (KOA), Billings, Mont., said camping was “soft” over the winter, hindered by cold weather in its Southern campgrounds. But it’s taken off since May and was up 7% through Memorial Day. KOA is projecting an 8% increase through Labor Day, said Hittmeier, adding that use of the Internet to make reservations is up 12% over last year, a reflection of more business in general and the migration of campers to the Internet.
KOA has 4,000 units in its lodging pool and that business is strong, he said. Lodges make up 13% of the total KOA sites, but the company is aiming to raise that figure to 20% at 50% of its campgrounds. KOA also is looking to increase its first-time visits, which now make up 15% to 19% of its total guests.
ARVC loyalist Ian Steyn, owner of Jellystone Castle Rock Campground, Castle Rock, Colo., noted that his business is up 38% year-over-year, and 2009 was a good year for his business. He discussed an integrated approach to promoting the outdoors with other hospitality businesses in his community seeking to make it the epicenter for outdoor recreation in his state.
Larry Weaver, park model sales manager for CrossRoads RV, Topeka, Ind., briefly outlined the preferred park model program his parent company, Thor Industries Inc., has established with ARVC. Weaver stressed that campground owners should make sure they buy “ruggedized” park models for their rental units and refrain from features such as carpeting that will not hold up well under the rigors of long-term use.