“As you know, I have expressed great concern for the safety of these units due to the presence of formaldehyde. While I continue to believe that these units should not be used for human habitation, I do believe that they could be of some benefit on a short-term, limited basis if the appropriate safeguards are provided,” Thompson wrote in the letter.
International medical and search-and-rescue teams, for example, might use the trailers for short-term shelter or as emergency clinics for the treatment of minor injuries, Thompson suggested. But he disapproved of any prolonged occupation of a trailer by victims requiring a place to live.
“However, given the potential for adverse health affects when used as more than short-term shelter, I would be gravely concerned about distributing these units to the people of Haiti for use as housing. This country’s immediate response to help in this humanitarian crisis should not be blemished by later concerns over adverse health consequences precipitated by our efforts,” Thompson warned.
FEMA did not return calls from Homeland Security Today inquiring about the safety of the trailers for human habitation.
Earlier last week, Thompson objected to FEMA’s public auction of mobile homes and trailers used by victims of Hurricane Katrina.
Thompson acknowledged that FEMA was attempting to recoup funds lost in the mismanagement of the trailers in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina’s destruction of the U.S. Gulf Coast in 2005. The Bush administration, Thompson accused, did not assess needs before purchasing trailers, paid too much for standard trailers, stored trailers improperly and paid too much to maintain and secure them after they were used.
But despite good intentions, the decision by FEMA to auction more than 100,000 of the trailers through the General Services Administration could pose a threat to public health, the congressman protested.
“The mass disposal of these trailers through public auction is troubling. Although marked with legal disclaimers, it is no secret that these trailers may contain mold, formaldehyde and other potentially hazardous substances. A legal disclaimer will not prevent harm to a child who inhales formaldehyde or mold,” he stated.
Thompson requested that FEMA suspend the auction and sell only small numbers of trailers to government or non-profit organizations that could rehabilitate the trailers to make them safe for long-term habitation.
FEMA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study on Feb. 14, 2008, that determined the temporary housing units contained unhealthy levels of formaldehyde. The CDC concluded that a random sampling of the trailers revealed average levels of formaldehyde of about 77 parts per billion (ppb) in each unit. Exposure to such levels of formaldehyde, intended to keep the trailers clean and preserved, could increase risks of cancer and respiratory sicknesses, CDC warned.